Sermons

Sun, Sep 09, 2018

Gospel of Matthew

Written by Matthew (whose name means gift of the Lord) also called Levi, was a tax collector at Ca-pern-a-um Matthew not only begins with genealogy; it begins with a message about Jesus’s Messiahship because that is the message of this book. Matthew starts where the Old Testament book of Malachi left off with the nation of Israel looking for her long promised King, their Messiah.
Series:Matthew
Duration:1 hr 13 mins 22 secs

Gospel of Matthew

 

Written by Matthew (whose name means gift of the Lord) also called Levi, was a tax collector at Ca-pern-a-um Matthew not only begins with genealogy; it begins with a message about Jesus’s Messiahship because that is the message of this book. Matthew starts where the Old Testament book of Malachi left off with the nation of Israel looking for her long promised King, their Messiah.



Matthew begins by telling us 3 important things in verse 1,

 

Matthew 1:1 (NKJV)

1  The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:

 

1. Matthew is about Jesus Christ being the long awaited Messiah, (“Christ” means Messiah).

2. Jesus is a descendant of David, fulfilling the covenant promise from God that the eternal king would come from David, 2 Samuel 7:16 (NKJV) “16  And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever."

3. Jesus is a descendant of Abraham, the father of the Jewish people in whom God made a promise that all the nations of the world would be blessed, Genesis 22:18 (NKJV) 18  In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice."

 

Matthew is unique in this focus.

Mark wrote for a Roman audience,

Luke for the Greeks,

John’s gospel is for everyone.

 

In Matthew’s Gospel,

The Old Testament is quoted or alluded to 129 times.

“The kingdom of heaven,” a phrase used only by Matthew, is seen 32 times.

The phrase, “that it might be fulfilled,” used only by Matthew, appears 9 times.

The phrase, “that which was spoken,” in reference to the Old Testament, is used 14 times, only by Matthew.

 

The theme of Matthews Gospel can be summed up in a single word, FULFILLED.

 

Matthews Gospel makes it clear that the Messiah of the Old Testament and the Jesus of the New Testament are one in the same.

 

Matthew has a Jewish origin but a global focus.

 

Matthew presents Jesus as the rightful heir and promised deliverer. The Gospel of Matthew alternates between narrative and discourse, story and sermon, both having the same point: to present Jesus as Messiah.

 

Matthew has an agenda; he has a purpose. There is something that he wants his readers to know and that is why he starts with a long list of names.

 

The theme of Matthews Gospel is to show that Jesus is the Jewish Messiah, sent to bring the kingdom of God to the entire world. Matthew wants us to know that Jesus is the One – the Messiah, the Son of David, the son of Abraham - who has come to bring the kingdom of God to every nation.

 

Overview:

 

Matthew in my opinion might best be studied by breaking the book down into 8 different sections.

 

1. Jesus the One  

Chapters 1-4

 

The first 4 chapters present the lineage of Jesus, His miraculous birth, His baptism and His temptation by Satan. This section has some memorable verses in it that give us a good introduction to Jesus and a validation of his ministry.

 

In typical Jewish fashion Matthew and Luke begin with a genealogy – but there’s a difference. Matthew traces the family tree of Jesus through the lineage of Joseph, while Luke provides us Mary’s genealogy.

 

Notice how verse 16 is careful to note Jesus was born of Mary - not Joseph. The first 15 verses tell us that fathers begot sons, but not when we get to Joseph – it wasn’t Joseph who begot Jesus. Rather we’re told, “And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called the Christ.” Jesus was virgin born, thus bypassing the inherent sin of the first man, Adam.

 

The promises of salvation were made to the Hebrews. God promised a Savior to Abraham - and to David, a King or Messiah. Abraham’s son was a sacrifice, David’s son a king! Joseph and Mary descended from both David and Abraham. It was through Jesus’ foster-father, Joseph, that He inherited the royal right to David’s throne. And through His birth-mother, Mary, the racial right. The parents God picked out for Jesus covered all the bases.

 

Matthew 1:21-25 (NKJV) “21 And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name JESUS, for He will save His people from their sins." 22 So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: 23 "Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel," which is translated, "God with us." 24 Then Joseph, being aroused from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord commanded him and took to him his wife, 25 and did not know her till she had brought forth her firstborn Son. And he called His name JESUS.

 

Matthew 3:16-17 (NKJV)

16  When He had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him. 17  And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."

 

Matthew 4:1-3 (NKJV)

1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. 2 And when He had fasted forty days and forty nights, afterward He was hungry. 3 Now when the tempter came to Him, he said, "If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread."

 

Matthew 4:10-11 (NKJV)

10  Then Jesus said to him, "Away with you, Satan! For it is written, 'You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve.' "

11  Then the devil left Him, and behold, angels came and ministered to Him.

 

Once Jesus is introduced, affirmed, and tested, He begins His public ministry.

 

Matthew 4:17 (NKJV)

17  From that time Jesus began to preach and to say, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand."



2. Matters of the Heart

Chapters 5-7

 

Matthew has the largest collection of Jesus’s sermons than any other gospel writer. This is the first of five, and it is the most important. It is called the Sermon on the Mount, and it is here that Jesus identifies the “Constitution of His Kingdom.”

 

Matthew 5:1-20 (NKJV)

1 And seeing the multitudes, He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him.

2 Then He opened His mouth and taught them, saying:

3 "Blessed are the poor in spirit, For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

4 Blessed are those who mourn, For they shall be comforted.

5 Blessed are the meek, For they shall inherit the earth.

6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, For they shall be filled.

7 Blessed are the merciful, For they shall obtain mercy.

8 Blessed are the pure in heart, For they shall see God.

9 Blessed are the peacemakers, For they shall be called sons of God.

10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11 "Blessed are you when they revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My sake.

12 Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you. 13 "You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt loses its flavor, how shall it be seasoned? It is then good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled underfoot by men. 14 You are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 Nor do they light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. 16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven. 17 "Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. 18 For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled. 19 Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20 For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.



Verse 17: "Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill.

 

Jesus does this by elevating the heart or the motive behind righteous living. That is why he says the following:

 

Matthew 5:27-29 (NKJV)

27  "You have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not commit adultery.' 28  But I say to you that whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29  If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell.

 

Matthew 6

 

Jesus hits us right where we live… Why do we do what we do? To bring glory to God or to be noticed by others. Let your social media presence help you determine that.   

 

Matthew 6:1 (NKJV)

1  "Take heed that you do not do your charitable deeds before men, to be seen by them. Otherwise you have no reward from your Father in heaven.

 

Matthew 6:14-15 (NKJV)

14 "For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.

15 But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

 

Matthew 6:24 (NKJV)

24  "No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.

 

Matthew 7

 

Matthew 7:1 (NKJV)

1  "Judge not, that you be not judged.

 

Matthew 7:13-14 (NKJV)

13  "Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it.

14  Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it.

 

Matthew 7:21-23 (NKJV)

21  "Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven.

22  Many will say to Me in that day, 'Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?'

23  And then I will declare to them, 'I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!'

 

Matthew 7:28-29 (NKJV)

28 And so it was, when Jesus had ended these sayings, that the people were astonished at His teaching,

29 for He taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.



Whether it is anger, lust, divorce, oaths, revenge, giving, prayer, fasting, or worry Jesus is aiming for the heart. The heart of the matter is the matter of the heart. Jesus does not lay down a new law; he gets to the heart of what the law was supposed to be about: seeking first the Kingdom of God. Jesus’s first sermon is all about the heart of the matter.

 

3. Follow Me

Chapters 8-10

 

Following the Sermon on the Mount, Matthew shows us the first miracles of Jesus which involved two outcasts: a leper and a Centurion’s servant. He also calms a storm, casts out demons, heals a paralytic, restores a girl to life, and heals a woman with perpetual bleeding problem.

 

Matthew 8:23-34 (NKJV)

23  Now when He got into a boat, His disciples followed Him.

24  And suddenly a great tempest arose on the sea, so that the boat was covered with the waves. But He was asleep.

25  Then His disciples came to Him and awoke Him, saying, "Lord, save us! We are perishing!"

26  But He said to them, "Why are you fearful, O you of little faith?" Then He arose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm.

27  So the men marveled, saying, "Who can this be, that even the winds and the sea obey Him?"

28  When He had come to the other side, to the country of the (Ger-gee-sen’s), there met Him two demon-possessed men, coming out of the tombs, exceedingly fierce, so that no one could pass that way.

29  And suddenly they cried out, saying, "What have we to do with You, Jesus, You Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before the time?" (The demons fear God)

30  Now a good way off from them there was a herd of many swine feeding.

31  So the demons begged Him, saying, "If You cast us out, permit us to go away into the herd of swine."

32  And He said to them, "Go." So when they had come out, they went into the herd of swine. And suddenly the whole herd of swine ran violently down the steep place into the sea, and perished in the water.

33  Then those who kept them fled; and they went away into the city and told everything, including what had happened to the demon-possessed men.

34  And behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus. And when they saw Him, they begged Him to depart from their region. (The people feared the power of Jesus)

 

Matthew 9:2-8 (NKJV)

2  Then behold, they brought to Him a paralytic lying on a bed. When Jesus saw their faith, He said to the paralytic, "Son, be of good cheer; your sins are forgiven you."

3  And at once some of the scribes said within themselves, "This Man blasphemes!"

4  But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, "Why do you think evil in your hearts?

5  For which is easier, to say, 'Your sins are forgiven you,' or to say, 'Arise and walk'?

6  But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins"--then He said to the paralytic, "Arise, take up your bed, and go to your house."

7  And he arose and departed to his house.

8  Now when the multitudes saw it, they marveled and glorified God, who had given such power to men.



Matthew shows us a Jesus who is full of power, and then he records the charge to the disciples about the nature of their calling:

 

Matthew 10:16 (NKJV) 16  "Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents and harmless as doves.”

 

Matthew 10:17-28: 17  But beware of men, for they will deliver you up to councils and scourge you in their synagogues.

18  You will be brought before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles.

19  But when they deliver you up, do not worry about how or what you should speak. For it will be given to you in that hour what you should speak;

20  for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.

21  Now brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death.

22  And you will be hated by all for My name's sake. But he who endures to the end will be saved.

23  When they persecute you in this city, flee to another. For assuredly, I say to you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes.

24  A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his master.

25  It is enough for a disciple that he be like his teacher, and a servant like his master. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more will they call those of his household!

26  Therefore do not fear them. For there is nothing covered that will not be revealed, and hidden that will not be known.

27  "Whatever I tell you in the dark, speak in the light; and what you hear in the ear, preach on the housetops.

28  And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.

 

Matthew 10:32-39 (NKJV)

32  "Therefore whoever confesses Me before men, him I will also confess before My Father who is in heaven.

33  But whoever denies Me before men, him I will also deny before My Father who is in heaven.

34  "Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword.

35  For I have come to 'set a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law';

36  and 'a man's enemies will be those of his own household.'

37  He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me. And he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me.

38  And he who does not take his cross and follow after Me is not worthy of Me.

39  He who finds his life will lose it, and he who loses his life for My sake will find it.

 

Who do you love more than me? If you can think of anyone more than Jesus He says, don’t bother to follow Me…

 

4. Resisting Jesus

Matthew 11-12

 

Chapters 11 and 12 show us how Jesus began to deal with a crowd that is growing hostile. It is full with examples of Jesus having conversations and confrontations with people, and the main problem being the Jewish people do not believe in him and resist Him openly.

 

Sadly, chapters 11-12 are characterized far more by unbelief rather than belief, by conflict rather than agreement, and by a growing opposition rather than popular support.

 

Jesus has strong words for those who oppose Him. Jesus confronts whole cities… especially the ones where He had done the most miracles.

 

Matthew 11:22 (NKJV) 22 “But I say to you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment than for you.”

 

Jesus and his teaching see growing strife, especially with the religious crowd. In fact, after healing a demon-possessed man, we read in Matthew 12:23-24 (NKJV) 23  And all the multitudes were amazed and said, "Could this be the Son of David?" 24 Now when the Pharisees heard it they said, "This fellow does not cast out demons except by Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons."



5. Mysterious

Matthew 13-17

Jesus and his teaching are mysterious and confusing to unbelievers, and Jesus intends it to be that way. That is the very reason why he spoke in parables, Matthew 13:14-15 (NKJV)

14  And in them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says: 'Hearing you will hear and shall not understand, And seeing you will see and not perceive;

15  For the hearts of this people have grown dull. Their ears are hard of hearing, And their eyes they have closed, Lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, Lest they should understand with their hearts and turn, So that I should heal them.'

 

 

Jesus uses the parable of the sower, the weeds, the leaven, hidden treasure, costly pearl, and the dragnet to communicate important truths about the kingdom of heaven. And through it all, the religious rulers simply do not believe him. He is a mystery to them. However, His mysterious nature is revealed when a few disciples are able to see who he really is at the transfiguration:

 

Matthew 17:1-5 (NKJV) 1  Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves; 2  and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. 3 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. 4  Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah." 5 While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!"



6. What Would Jesus Do?

Chapters 18-23

 

What would Jesus Do? For the most part, chapters 18-23 record the words that Jesus spoke to His inner circle about what it means to be His followers. Matthew seems to use this section in order to show His disciples what real-world Christianity is like; Jesus is laying before them some important and practical concepts of how to live by the right set of values in a broken world.

 

Jesus address practical topics like defining greatness, church discipline, forgiveness, divorce, wealth, and humility.

 

Jesus called His followers to live by a set of values that go against the grain of culture. Christianity has always been counter-cultural, and there is no way that we could live this way unless Jesus makes us new creations with a new heart, new appetites, and new actions!

 

Matthew 18:21 (NKJV) 21  Then Peter came to Him and said, "Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?"

 

Matthew 19:23 (NKJV)

23  Then Jesus said to His disciples, "Assuredly, I say to you that it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven.

 

Matthew 20:17-19 (NKJV)

17  Now Jesus, going up to Jerusalem, took the twelve disciples aside on the road and said to them, 18  "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death, 19  and deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify. And the third day He will rise again."

 

Matthew 20:28 (NKJV)

28  just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many."

 

Matthew 22:37-40 (NKJV)

37  Jesus said to him, "'You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.' 38  This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like it: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' 40 On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets."




7. The Last Days

Chapters 24-25

 

This passage, often called the Olivet Discourse where Jesus warns his disciples about traumatic events, false teachers, and the desertion of some followers. He tells them about a season of great hardship (24:9-14), the defiling of the temple (abomination of desolations, Matt 24:15-28), and about His Second Coming (24:29-31).

 

The bottom line, the main point Jesus is making is, I’m Coming Back, so stay awake and be ready!  

 

Matthew 24:44 (NKJV) 44  Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.

 

Matthew 24:50-51 (NKJV)

50  the master of that servant will come on a day when he is not looking for him and at an hour that he is not aware of, 51  and will cut him in two and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

 

Matthew 25:31-40 (NKJV)

31  "When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory.

32  All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats.

33  And He will set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left.

34  Then the King will say to those on His right hand, 'Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:

35  for I was hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in;

36  I was naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me.'

37  Then the righteous will answer Him, saying, 'Lord, when did we see You hungry and feed You, or thirsty and give You drink?

38  When did we see You a stranger and take You in, or naked and clothe You?

39  Or when did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?'

40  And the King will answer and say to them, 'Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me.'



8. The Passion of the Christ

Chapters 26-28

 

Everything that Matthew has written in the previous twenty-five chapters came into focus in the last three. This is the ultimate story that Matthew wanted to tell because what happens in Matthew 26-28 is the center of the Gospel, the heart of the Christian faith, and the basis of all hope. The passion of Jesus is the heart of the matter and the matter of the heart of the Gospel.

 

Matthew showed us something that most Jews would have missed: a suffering Messiah. We saw Jesus betrayed, falsely accused, beaten, condemned and crucified. We watched the sky darken, Jesus cry out in abandonment, the earth shake, and the temple curtain tear as the judgment of God upon sin comes. We heard two words come together that should have never been even close to each other: Jesus died. And then he was buried – but not for long.

Three days later we hear the glorious news announced to the women by the angel who sat upon the stone in front of an empty tomb:

 

Matthew 28:1-6 (NKJV)

1  Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb.

2  And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it.

3  His countenance was like lightning, and his clothing as white as snow.

4  And the guards shook for fear of him, and became like dead men.

5  But the angel answered and said to the women, "Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified.

6  He is not here; for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.

 

The passion of Jesus led to victory over sin and death. Now, as the conquering Messiah, Jesus gave His disciples and us the final mission:

 

Matthew 28:18-20 (NKJV)

18  And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19  Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20  teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.”

 

Jesus was not kidding… this wasn’t a suggestion… before He descends into heaven He commands His followers to

 

Tell people who I am…

 

Baptize them… immerse them in Jesus…

 

Teaching them to obey…

 

Obey everything Jesus said and listen to all that He says…

 

Will this work?

 

You do the math…

 

Jesus sent out the disciples 2x2. If every disciple became a disciple maker here is what the numbers would look like if every disciple reached one person for Jesus Christ who then would reach one person for Jesus Christ and so on… After one year, there are only 2 disciples. At the end of the second year, 4. Third year, there are 8 followers of Jesus. Fourth year, 16. However, by year 33, you will have more than 8.5 billion Christians.

 

Worried about the population explosion? No problem -- we'll be at 34 billion Christians just 2 years later. The power is in multiplication not addition…

 

And to know and not forget…

 

I am with you always, everywhere you go from now throughout eternity!



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